The Sûreté du Québec was created in 1870. It is the only Québec police organization to have jurisdiction over all of Québec and to carry out such a wide variety of mandates. It operates at all levels and in all sectors of public security, including police activities in the municipalities it serves, road safety interventions and local and international criminal investigations. As a national police force providing services to citizens, other police organizations and the State, the Sûreté du Québec is also a leader in specialized service delivery, especially in terms of criminal investigations and emergency measures, thanks to the expertise of its police and civilian personnel and to its use of advanced technologies.
The services of the Sûreté du Québec fall under three main categories: national, specialized and general. These three areas are complementary, guaranteeing the State and the citizens a full range of police services. Some of these services are exclusive to the Sûreté du Québec, while others are offered in partnership or in conjunction with police organizations and agencies that share the Sûreté du Québec's mission.
The Sûreté du Québec travels over 70 million kilometres per year on our network of roads and highways. It also endeavours to maintain the safety of snowmobile trails and bodies of water in the territories it serves. With these services, the Sûreté du Québec contributes to the safety of public figures, the integrity of government institutions and the safety of transport networks under Québec jurisdiction. The Sûreté du Québec also acts as a liaison with Canadian and international forces during important police activities. As part of its provincial responsibilities, it provides support services during serious events or phenomena, such as serial or interregional network crimes, disasters or civil disorder. To respond to such situations, it provides Québec police services with specialists in various fields, including forensic identification, scuba diving, cyberveillance, profiling, interventions during hostage taking, and electronic surveillance.
The following mandates are exclusive to the Sûreté du Québec:
Called to play a leading role in situations that are particularly demanding owing to their scope or complexity, the Sûreté du Québec relies on the ongoing training of its various specialists and on the acquisition of state-of-the-art equipment to always provide the best possible response. To accomplish this, it maintains and develops expertise in various areas such as investigations into road collisions, forensic accounting, criminal intelligence, statement analysis, DNA fingerprinting, composite sketches, audio and video interrogations, air surveillance and crowd control, to name but a few. General services security of local communities The Sûreté du Québec also has an important mandate to serve local communities. It provides front-line services in over 1,200 municipalities divided into 85 RCMs (regional county municipalities). More than half the police force is assigned to RCMs, each of which is served exclusively by one station. Depending on the size of the RCM, an auxiliary station is sometimes added to the main station. These front-line services include various forms of police intervention, prevention, investigations and continuous patrol. To offer these services, the Sûreté du Québec uses a community approach it has dubbed local policing. The Sûreté du Québec serves RCMs through a service agreement negotiated with local elected officers. This approach helps to establish connections with citizens and provides a better understanding of local needs and realities.
To ensure a safe and peaceful environment, the Sûreté du Québec relies on five major principles:
The Sûreté du Québec, as the national police force, contributes throughout the territory of Québec, to maintaining peace and public order, preserving life, safety and fundamental human rights and protecting property. The Sûreté du Québec also supports the police community, coordinates major police operations, contributes to the integrity of governmental institutions and ensures the safety of transport networks under Québec jurisdiction.
La Sûreté du Québec, corps de police national, agit sous l'autorité du ministre de la Sécurité publique et a compétence pour prévenir et réprimer les infractions aux lois sur l'ensemble du territoire du Québec.